Doppler Log Errors

Error in transducer orientation:

The transducers should make a perfect angle of 60° with respect to the keel or else the speed indicated will be inaccurate.

Error in oscillator frequency:

The frequency generated by the oscillator must be accurate and constant, any deviation in the frequency will result in the speed indicated being in error.

Error in propagation velocity of acoustic wave:

The velocity of the acoustic wave at the temp of 16°C and salinity of 3.4% is 1505 m/sec, but generally it is taken as 1500 m/sec for calculation. This velocity changes with temperature, salinity or pressure. To compensate the error due to temperature variation, a thermistor (i.e. a resistance whose value changes with temperature) is mounted near the transducer and change in velocity of the acoustic wave through water from the standard value due to the change in seawater temperature is accounted for. In modern transducers the angle at which the beam is transmitted is controlled with the help of phase difference and the factor c/Cosα is not used in calculating v.

Errors due to ship’s motion:

During the interval between transmission and reception, the ship may marginally roll or pitch and thereby the angle of transmission and reception can change and for a two degree difference between the angle of transmission and reception, the net effect will be an error of 0.10% of the indicated speed which is marginal and can be neglected.

Errors due to the effect of rolling and pitching: