top of page

What is Maritime Labour Convention (MLC)

Updated: May 30, 2020

TheMaritime Labour Convention, 2006 or MLC, 2006 is an international labour Convention adopted by the International Labour Organization (ILO). It provides international standards for the world’s first genuinely global industry.

Widely known as the “seafarers’ bill of rights,” the MLC, 2006 was adopted by the government, employer and workers representatives at a special ILO International Labour Conference in February 2006.

It is unique in that it aims both to achieve decent work for seafarers and to secure economic interests through fair competition for quality ship owners.

The Convention is comprehensive and sets out, in one place, seafarers' rights to decent working conditions. It covers almost every aspect of their work and life on board including:

  • minimum age

  • seafarers’ employment agreements

  • hours of work or rest

  • payment of wages

  • paid annual leave

  • repatriation at the end of the contract

  • onboard medical care

  • the use of licensed private recruitment and placement services

  • accommodation, food and catering

  • health and safety protection and accident prevention and

  • seafarers’ complaint handling

The Convention was designed to be applicable globally, easy to understand, readily updatable and uniformly enforced and will become the "fourth pillar" of the international regulatory regime for quality shipping, complementing the key Conventions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) dealing with safety and security of ships and protection of the marine environment.

Content on Maritime Labour Convention



Article I

Definitions and Scope of application

Article II

Fundamental rights and principles

Article III

Seafarers’ employment and social rights

Article IV

Implementation and enforcement responsibilities

Article V

Regulations and Parts A and B of the Code

Article VI

Consultation with shipowners’ and seafarers’ organizations

Article VII

Entry into force

Article VIII


Article IX

Effect of entry into force

Article X

Depositary functions

Article XI

Article XII

Special Tripartite Committee

Article XIII

Amendment of this Convention

Article XIV

Amendments to the Code

Article XV

Authoritative languages

Article XVI

Explanatory note to the Regulations and Code of the Maritime Labour Convention ..... 12 THE REGULATIONS AND THE CODE

Title 1. Minimum requirements for seafarers to work on a ship

Regulation 1.1 – Minimum age

Regulation 1.2 – Medical certificate

Regulation 1.3 – Training and qualifications

Regulation 1.4 – Recruitment and placement

Title 2. Conditions of employment

Regulation 2.1 – Seafarers’ employment agreements

Regulation 2.2 – Wages

Regulation 2.3 – Hours of work and hours of rest

Regulation 2.4 – Entitlement to leave

Regulation 2.5 – Repatriation

Regulation 2.6 – Seafarer compensation for the ship’s loss or foundering

Regulation 2.7 – Manning levels

Regulation 2.8 – Career and skill development and opportunities for seafarers’ employment

Title 3. Accommodation, recreational facilities, food and catering

Regulation 3.1 – Accommodation and recreational facilities

Regulation 3.2 – Food and catering

Title 4. Health protection, medical care, welfare and social security protection Regulation 4.1 – Medical care on board ship and ashore

Regulation 4.2 – Shipowners’ liability

Regulation 4.3 – Health and safety protection and accident prevention

Regulation 4.4 – Access to shore-based welfare facilities

Regulation 4.5 – Social security

Title 5. Compliance and enforcement

Regulation 5.1 – Flag State responsibilities

Regulation 5.1.1 – General principles

Regulation 5.1.2 – Authorization of recognized organizations

Regulation 5.1.3 – Maritime labour certificate and declaration of maritime labour compliance

Regulation 5.1.4 – Inspection and enforcement

Regulation 5.1.5 – On-board complaint procedures

Regulation 5.1.6 – Marine casualties

Regulation 5.2 – Port State responsibilities

Regulation 5.2.1 – Inspections in port

Regulation 5.2.2 – Onshore seafarer complaint-handling procedures

Regulation 5.3 – Labour-supplying responsibilities

Appendix A2-I

Appendix A4-I

Appendix B4-I

Appendix A5-I

Appendix A5-II

Appendix A5-III

Appendix B5-I – EXAMPLE of a national Declaration

More details about MLC in Given in following document-

Complete MLC
Download PDF • 746KB

130 views0 comments


  • Facebook
  • Instagram
bottom of page